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Glossary

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Humoral immune response
The part of the immune response mediated by antibody present in extracellular fluids, such as the cell-free fractions of blood (serum or plasma), lymph and tissue fluids. Humoral immunity is the main line of defense against extracellular bacteria but it can also contribute to protection against some viruses and some forms of cancer.

Inactivated whole particle vaccines
Vaccines made from inactivated whole microorganisms i.e. whole virus vaccines and bacterial whole cell vaccines.

Infection
Colonization of the body by a disease causing microorganism.

Immune tolerance
A state of immunological unresponsiveness.

Immunogen
A molecule capable of triggering an immune response.

Immunogenic
Capable of inducing an immune response.

Immunization
The use of an immunogen to induce specific immunity.

Inflammatory responseA response to tissue injury or infection characterized by pain, heat, redness and swelling at the site of tissue damage and by fever. During this process, immune cells are recruited to the site of the damage where they help to promote healing. Although the inflammatory response is an important part of the body's defense system, it sometimes develops into a harmful chronic inflammatory process.

Lymphocyte
A type of white blood cell involved in the immune response. See also B- and T cells.

Lysis
Disruption of a cell

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