Hereditary Diseases

Hereditary Diseases

Phenylketonuria is an excess of the amino acid phenylalanine. Often resulting from a lack of the enzyme that degrades it, a surplus of this amino acid can cause severe seizures and brain damage. Growing in incidence and prevalence, this disease is now detected by required screenings at birth. CH, or congenital hypothyroidism, is an insufficient thyroid gland. Caused by missed hormone triggers or mechanical defects, CH affects one in roughly 3000 newborns.

With any disease, prevention is the ultimate cure. Pregnant mothers should go in for early, consistent screenings to ensure smooth fetus development. Additionally, mothers must recognize risk factors, such as blood in vomit or urine, skin discoloration, and other irregularities, to catch diseases early. Finally, an infant’s health is further guaranteed by a nutrient-dense diet.

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