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TBE Meningococcal Disease Influenza Smallpox
Removing of a tick


Elimination of the disease by controlling all vectors is not possible, and no effective or practicable tools are available for interrupting the virus cycle in nature.

General Preventive Measures

  • Avoiding tick-infested areas when possible
  • Wearing light-coloured clothing that shows ticks easily and covers arms and legs. Wearing long-sleeved shirts, tight at the wrists, long pants tight at the ankles and tucked into socks, and shoes covering the whole foot.
  • Applying diethyltoluamide (e.g., DEET) to skin and permethrin to clothing. But, do not apply it to clothing while it is being worn, and allow the clothing to thoroughly dry before wearing.
  • Performing daily checks of skin for ticks. Check children two to three times a day. Check under waist bands, sock tops, under arms, and any other moist areas.
  • Removing ticks by using fine-tipped tweezers. Grasp the tick firmly and as closely to the skin as possible. Using a steady motion, pull the tick’s body away from the skin without rotation. If parts of the tick remain stuck in the skin, they should be removed as soon as possible. Suffocating the tick with oil, cream etc. may induce injection of more infectious material into the body – so do not use petroleum jelly, burning matches or cigarette ends, nail polish or other products.

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