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TBE Meningococcal Disease Influenza Smallpox

  Protective Clothes, Repellents

As ticks attach to any spot on the host, and from there try to reach an uncovered part of the skin, adequate clothing may help to make access to the skin more difficult for ticks. Protective clothes must be completely closed to be really effective, but this may be found intolerable by people spending their leisure time or holidays in endemic areas in the warm season.

In former Czechoslovakia, forestry workers were given protective clothes impregnated with DDT and were regularly disinfested after work. But these preparations afford protection for a few hours only. Moreover, there have been reports from the former USSR of ticks becoming resistant to repellents.

All these preventive measures directed at ticks have offered only limited protection. It was realized quite early that a vaccine was required for protection from the causative agent itself, the TBE virus.

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